Up to now, the global prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) is 34.6%, which is equal to nearly 100 million people worldwide.
There is a two-fold increased risk of emotional distress (depression and anxiety) in people with diabetes compared to people without diabetes. Emotional distress is cause of suffering and associated with impaired social functioning and quality of life.
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is on the rise globally and is expected to rise further due to obesity, inactivity, unhealthy eating and older age of pregnant mothers. Many women are entering their pregnancy unaware of their glucose tolerance.