Diabetes is rapidly increasing in numbers, especially in low-income countries. This calls for reflection on the organisation of care. How can health care systems improve care for people with diabetes (and chronic diseases in general) and strengthen the self-management of these people?
Research from around the globe has has demonstrated the importance of health promoting behavior for diabetes prevention and management. An important aspect of health promoting behavior is health literacy – the ability of people to access, understand and apply health information for taking decisions about health.
Visual loss (low vision or blindness) commonly co-occurs with diabetes. Diabetes is well-known as a cause of visual loss from diabetic retinopathy. Increasing age is a risk factor for both diabetes and common causes of visual loss, e.g. macular degeneration.