Currently, 8.9% of Canadians live with diabetes (~90% are T2D), which has more than doubled since 2000. Disproportionately affected are disadvantaged populations, including Indigenous peoples, who experience 3 to 5 times higher rates of T2D than the general population.
We know that lifestyle modification can prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. However, changing individuals’ behaviour is very difficult in environments in which unhealthy foods are cheap and more heavily promoted than healthy options, and in which predominantly sedentary lifestyles are the norm.
The role of weight management in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes is fundamental. Studies from around the world have shown that weight loss is the strongest predictor of risk reduction and that weight losses of 5-7% are effective.