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Cultural Approach in Diabetes

  • Item type: Scientific article
  • Country: Turkey
  • Language: Turkish
  • Author: Sibel Karaca Sivrikaya,. Derya Çınar
  • Target audience: All health professionals
  • Publication Date: Jun, 2016
  • Diyabet Hemfl. Forumu 2016(61.75 KB)

Diabetes, being one of the most commonly seen diseases over the world, is global

epidemic regarded as an urgent health problem of 21st century. Today; it is not

possible to eliminate diabetes with medical treatments but it is reported that Type 2

diabetes can be considerably prevented through such life style changes as losing

weight, increasing physical activities, having a healthy diet. Diabetes care is a dynamic

process that varies across individuals and requires individual based treatment

approaches. A cultural approach is necessary for the management of diabetes that

includes society in which diabetic individuals live, cultural beliefs, disease perceptions

and individual coping strategies. Nurses should provide a care that is consistent with

Cilt 8 • Say› 1 • Sayfa 30 • Ocak - Haziran 2016

the culture by knowing individuals’ cultures due to their

different beliefs, values and expectations. In a metaanalysis

and systematic review in which the effect of a

culture-based training given to ethnic minority groups

with Type 2 diabetes was assessed; it was concluded that

culture-based training improved glycemic control and

healthy life styles. Nurses should perform a medical evaluation

that includes cultural characteristics for the diabetic

individuals by using culture-based approaches in order

to offer a holistic care. Nurses should observe culture-based

behaviors of individuals, gather information

about their culture and base their care on these values

so that they can guide individuals to adapt to the disease.

By Derya
Jun 14, 2018
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